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Kombos, T. et al. Impact of Somatosensory evoked potential monitoring on cervical surgery. J. Clin. Neurophys. 2003; 20(2):122-128.

Bose, B. et al. Neurophysiologic monitoring of spinal nerve root function during instrumented posterior lumbar spine surgery. Spine 2002; 27(11):1444-1450.

Darden, B. et al. Evaluation of pedicle screw insertion monitored by intraoperative evoked electromyography. J. Spinal Disorders 1996; 9(1):8-16.

Toleikis, J.R. et al. The usefulness of electrical stimulation for assessing pedicle screw placement. J. Spinal Disorders 2001; 13(4):283-289.

Danesh-Clough, T. et al. The use of evoked EMG in detecting misplaced thoracolumbar pedicle screws. Spine 2001; 26(12):1313-1316.

Clements, D. Evoked and spontaneous electromyography to evaluate lumbosacral pedicle screw placement. Spine 21(5):600-604.

McDonald, D. et al. Monitoring scoliosis surgery with combined multiple pulse transcranial electric motor and Somatosensory -evoked potentials from the lower and upper extremities. Spine 2003; 28(2):194-203.

Owen, J. The application of intraoperative monitoring during surgery for spinal deformity. Spine 1999; 24(24):2649-2682.

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