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Toda, H. et al. Deep brain stimulation in the treatment of dyskinesia and dystonia. Neurosurg. Focus 2004; 17(1):9-13.

Nikkhah, G. et al. Deep brain stimulation of the nucleus ventralia intermedius for Holmes (rubral) tremor and associated dystonia caused by upper brain stem lesions. J. Neurosurg. 2004; 100:1079-1083.

Guridi, J. et al. Targeting the basal ganglia for deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease. Neurol. 2000; 55(Suppl 6): S21-S28.

Rodriguez-Oroz, M.C. et al. Bilateral deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson’s disease. Neurol. 2000; 55(Suppl 6): S45-S51.

Bose, B. et al. Neurophysiologic monitoring of spinal nerve root function during instrumented posterior lumbar spine surgery. Spine 2002; 27(11):1444-1450.

Krassioukov, A.V. et al. Multimodality intraoperative monitoring during complex lumbosacral procedures: indications, techniques and long-term follow-up review of 61 consecutive cases. J. Neurosurg. (Spine) 2004; 3:243-253.

Owen J.H. et al. The use of mechanically elicited electromyograms to protect nerve roots during surgery for spinal degeneration .Spine 1994; 19:1704-1710.

Haghighi, S.S. and R. Zhang. Activation of the external anal and urethral sphincter muscles by repetitive transcranial cortical stimulation during spine surgery. J. Clin. Monitoring Comp. 2004; 18(1):1-5.

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